2024/2/12 17:16(Updated 12.02.17:46)
(Taipei Central News Agency, the 12th) Every year before the Lunar New Year, wage demands for Chinese migrant workers have become a daily occurrence. This problem, which is a headache for everyone – from the prime minister to lower-ranking officials – is still difficult to eradicate. Analysts believe that the reason is related to the fact that some migrant workers did not sign contracts, and government structures took the initiative in breaking the law.
To demonstrate official attention to the issue of wage arrears, the All China Federation of Trade Unions released the second series of model cases on facilitating the resolution of wage arrears on the 5th, providing guidance for trade unions at all levels to promote related work. Several cases show that workers did not sign employment contracts as required when they joined the company, giving companies an excuse to underpay them.
Last December, an analysis by its own media found that 99% of migrant workers on construction sites across the country could not earn a monthly salary, and even a basic salary of 1,000 yuan (about NT$4,400, the same) to 2,000 yuan. renminbi per month was not available. Living expenses cannot be paid on time.
The article says that corporate fraud is common. Pay standards in the labor contracts signed by many workers are at rock bottom, saving companies a lot of money on future wages. In addition, no employment contract remains in the hands of employees.
In addition, the number of migrant workers reported in the real name management system for construction workers is independently reported by the enterprise. The mobility of workers on construction sites is very high. A worker can be hired for only a few days and no more than six months. Most companies report a minimum number of employees who can handle inspections.
Some small companies that commission construction projects also operate with a sense of humanity. For example, if the contractor is a relative of the employee, they can trust and wait even if the salary is not paid on time.
In addition to the real estate downturn affecting workers’ wages, the deteriorating financial condition of local governments has also exacerbated the problem of non-payment of salaries to public hospitals and bus drivers.
The newspaper reported that in December last year, some netizens reported through the People’s Daily Online message board that the Jingchuan County Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital in Gansu Province was in arrears of wages for 15 months of work. Temporary workers received only a salary. more than 1,000 yuan per month, and their basic livelihood cannot be guaranteed. The local government said this was because financial subsidies were insufficient and the hospital’s debt was increasing every year, so defaulting on payments was a “truly helpless step”.
In early February this year, it was revealed that Shandong Luxinan Hospital owed a total of 45 million yuan in salary for eight months. The director said he went on hunger strike to apologize to his staff.
The losses of China’s public hospitals are becoming more and more serious. Official data shows that in 2020, 43.5% of the country’s 2,508 third-level public hospitals had losses, and the ratio of assets to liabilities was 44.09%. After three years of the epidemic, local finances have seriously deteriorated, and public hospitals, which mainly rely on financial subsidies, often report salary cuts and salary arrears.
Wage arrears are a long-standing problem in China, with many contracting companies having to delay payments to other partners due to non-payment by local governments.
On November 6, 2019, the Chinese government website announced: “All cases of wage arrears incurred before the end of October 2019 will be settled by the end of 2019; other new cases of wage arrears will be settled immediately and dynamically by the Spring Holiday 2020. . ., happen together and deal with them together.”
In late 2020, China’s State Council launched the “National Wage Arrears Response Platform”. At the end of 2021, then-premier Li Keqiang held a meeting and declared that “migrant workers will never be allowed to claim their hard-earned wages, and those who maliciously default will be severely punished according to the law.” and rules”. However, the longstanding problem of wage arrears may become even more difficult to eradicate given the current slowdown in economic growth. (Editor: Zhang Shuling/Zhou Huiying) 1130212
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